Licensing exam for journalists: Some countries have and some don’t
Bhrikuti Rai / August 15, 2016
Press Council Nepal’s (PCN) recent proposal to conduct licensing exam for journalists has led to a huge debate on social media, with some supporting and others opposing the idea.
Those involved in making the recommendation in a PCN report have been defending the idea saying several countries require journalists to undergo licensing tests.
South Asia Check has examined whether other countries also have such provision for journalists and sought help from fact checkers and journalists from several countries.
In South Asia, none of the countries including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Bhutan have licensing exams for journalists. In India, in 2013 a sitting minister had “proposed a common examination for journalists to qualify them for a reporter’s license” but that idea never took off. However, the Supreme Court of India has set out strict requirements for journalists covering the country’s top court including a law degree and several years of court reporting.
In the US, there is no provision for mandatory licensing exam for journalists, but a recent studyhttp://www.dmlp.org/credentials/ titled “Who gets a press pass? Media Credentialing Practice in the Unites States” shows that it is difficult to acquire press pass.
In the UK too, exams aren’t mandatory for aspiring journalists. While some media houses prefer journalists trained from the National Council for the Training of Journalists (NCTJ), it isn’t compulsory for journalists to receive training at NCTJ.
Unlike several countries in Europe, Italy requires aspiring journalists to go through 18 months of internship followed by a written and oral test before they can become a member of Order of Journalists and start working as full time professional journalists. However, in recent years following the economic slump, many newsrooms haven’t made it mandatory for journalists to go through the lengthy process.
While there is no mandatory exam for journalists in Ecuador in South America, there is a regulation that requires journalists from traditional media (TV, radio, newspaper) to have a degree in journalism. Other countries like South Africa, Singapore and Malaysia also don’t have licensing exam for journalists.
This material is copyrighted but may be used for any purpose by giving due credit to southasiacheck.org.
- Fact Check Finance minister’s claim of no labor strike during past two years is false
- Fact Check PM’s foreign affairs advisor repeats an already debunked claim
- Fact Check Finance minister makes unreliable claims about Nepali printing industry
- Fact Check Neither Tilicho nor the new lake are highest in Nepal or world
- Media Quarterly report (April-June 2019) on anonymous sources in newspapers
- Fact Check Kathmandu PM levels show PM’s air quality claim baseless
In Public InterestNepal has no technology to test alleged use of oxytocin in fruits and vegetables There have not been reliable scientific studies on the use of oxytocin in vegetable and fruits, in b... Read More
- Nepal is among 25 countries that deny women right to pass on citizenship to children independently
- Inland waterways: Are Nepali waters navigable?
- What had been agreed with Dr KC and what is in the bill?
- PM’s invitation for river trip to Calcutta premature
- NARC grappling with manpower shortage